Ultimate Guide to System Development Life Cycle

In most use cases, a system is an IT technology such as hardware and software. Project and program managers typically take part in SDLC, along with system and software engineers, development teams and end-users. The software development lifecycle (SDLC) is the cost-effective and time-efficient process that development teams use to design and build high-quality software. The goal of SDLC is to minimize project risks through forward planning so that software meets customer expectations during production and beyond.

system development life cycle project management

Those involved in the SDLC include the c-suite executives, but it is the project/program managers, software and systems engineers, users, and the development team who handle the multi-layered process. Each project has its own level of complexity in planning and execution, and often within an organization, project managers employ numerous SDLC methods. Even when an enterprise utilizes the same methods, different project tools and techniques can differ dramatically. Although we are only now considering this stage of the project life cycle, control work starts simultaneously with initiating the project.

Planning Phase

In fact, each organization may develop its own list of tasks, techniques, and (automated) tools, which can be referred to as “their” methodology. The basic fact finding techniques include questionnaires, interviews, observation, and document collection. SDLC works by lowering the cost of software development while simultaneously improving quality and shortening production time. SDLC achieves these apparently divergent goals by following a plan that removes the typical pitfalls of software development projects.

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The big step is creating a detailed project plan document and work breakdown structure that outlines the requirements. This model focuses on gathering all of the customer requirements on the front end of the project so that every step of the SDLC can be planned. Once planned, the steps must be executed in a linear fashion, where each phase must be completed before the next can begin.

Execute and complete tasks

Independent testing of software changes prior to implementation. All changes to a system must be formally controlled via the Forensic Laboratory change control process, as defined in Chapter 7, Section 7.4.3. Once the themes have been identified then there are predetermined tasks and techniques to finish the project as defined by the approved methodology of the organization.

Products are of a more permanent nature than a project because products continue to exist long after the project that delivered it has closed. Therefore, the SDLC’s framework provides guidelines for supporting the product post production. Guidelines include practices for knowledge transfer, training, document turnover, maintenance and on-going support. When a product is to be retired, the project management method takes over to sunset the system.

System Development Life Cycle: Maintenance

The execution component is responsible for the final deliverable of the project and is built around pure code development, system configuration, or a combination of both. 7 stages of the System Development Life Cycle offer a lot of benefits to development teams who use it properly. The Waterfall model, one of the earliest SDLC models, is a linear, sequential technique popular in IT product development that emphasizes the importance of continually progressing from one stage to the next.

  • If this does not happen, very costly and time-consuming mistakes will be made.
  • In other words, the team should determine the feasibility of the project and how they can implement the project successfully with the lowest risk in mind.
  • In conclusion, Project Management Software may have an immense impact on companies at every stage of the project life cycle.
  • In systems design, functions and operations are described in detail, including screen layouts, business rules, process diagrams, and other documentation.
  • Next, let’s explore the different stages of the Software Development Life Cycle.

The schedule constraint is complemented by the SDLC’s timely delivery of a quality product that meets or exceeds customers’ expectations. The Integration and Testing phase of the SDLC is where you integrate all the pieces of the system. The entire stage involves connecting databases, servers, and code snippets to ensure that the project is running properly. It also involves testing the system to make sure that it operates as expected. You will have to start by gathering all the necessary information and have an in-depth understanding of the current system.


The project manager plays a central role in this prioritization process. The end goal of this phase is for a system that is ready for implementation. But when you break down large chunks of the work https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ into smaller pieces, suddenly it’s manageable. That’s basically what any project management methodology is all about. The whole project, from start to finish, is evenly divided into phases.

Report on key metrics and get real-time visibility into work as it happens with roll-up reports, dashboards, and automated workflows built to keep your team connected and informed. Overall, the manager delegates responsibilities and evenly system development life cycle project management distributes the load among all performers, monitors the expenditure of time and resources. Once the system is deployed within the agency, ongoing operations and maintenance will occur that are led by agency IT staff along program leads.

Steps in SDLC

Don’t miss the opportunity to get the course at the lowest price ever. Tests should prove that the system complies with all design specifications and any required security measures. The Information Security Manager must ensure that the required security features are included in the system.

The classic SDLC for a single system is shown in the central portion of Fig. There, it is depicted as consisting of three phases—system definition, physical design, and implementation. Other more elaborate versions of the SDLC specify many subphases of these three phases. This stage includes the development of detailed designs that brings initial design work into a completed form of specifications. This work includes the specification of interfaces between the system and its intended environment, and a comprehensive evaluation of the systems logistical, maintenance and support requirements. The detail design and development is responsible for producing the product, process and material specifications and may result in substantial changes to the development specification.

System Development Life Cycle:

This type of scenario meant that there was not a true need for refined methodologies to drive the life cycle of system development. However, technology has evolved, systems have become increasingly complex, and users have become accustomed to well-functioning technology. Models and frameworks have been developed to guide companies through an organized system development life cycle. Today, the traditional approaches to technology system development have been adjusted to meet the ever-changing, complex needs of each unique organization and their users. Below you will find sequential steps to SDLC, but each company will vary in their process. This is the most straightforward SDLC stage (and what most people see).

system development life cycle project management


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